Every year each person in the UK generates around 170kg of organic waste. By organic waste, it means products that were once living (food waste) along with cardboard, paper and garden cuttings. Now you might think like I did that sending them to a landfill will surely only do the same as composting them in your garden? Well, you would be wrong too and here’s why. Organic waste that breaks down in a landfill site produces harmful greenhouse gas emissions and composting does not.
This is due to landfill waste breaking down anaerobically due to it being compressed down and then covered with soil and clay to help prevent nasty smells. The side effect of this, however, is that it creates methane (CH4), a greenhouse gas that is 21 times more powerful than CO2.
When we use a composter it rots the waste in the presence of Oxygen and worms, plantation and microfibers then slowly decomposes this waste into compost that we can then reuse produces significantly less CH4.
Statistics show that if just 25% of us stopped sending organic waste in landfill sites to composting it, we'd save the equivalent of 2.5m tonnes of CO2 from reaching the atmosphere each year.